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国家电力需求的能源中译英翻译

“阿鲁纳恰尔能够满足国家电力需求”

新德里,6月19日:阿鲁纳恰尔邦内的公共服务单位和私营电力公司获分配了140多个水电项目,新上任的首席部长Kalikho Pul表示,如果分配给这个东北部邦中的电力项目都按时完成,则可以实现纳伦德拉•莫迪总统的印度全境通电梦想。

Pul在采访中告诉IANS记者,阿鲁纳恰尔邦拥有满足全国电力需求的潜力。他指责不同部门之间为了各种原因而在审批电力项目方面各有“分歧”,导致过去两年里的试运行要么被拖延、要么速度慢。这位46岁的领导人在2月接任这个人口仅125万的小邦的领袖,他认为,中央政府应该确立针对参与阿鲁纳恰尔邦水电项目的公司的单一窗口审批制度。

“即将在阿鲁纳恰尔邦内开展的水电项目可以实现纳伦德拉•莫迪总统的印度全境通电梦想。然而,中央部门各有不同的想法,导致项目试运行工作受到拖延或放慢。我们需要设立一个单一窗口审批。需要一个推手。需要一致的目标。”Pul告诉IANS记者。而且Pul表示,政府还应该将私营开发商的贷款偿还时间从10年延长至少25-30年。

“私营开发商当前获得的贷款偿还时间为10年。但由于水电项目需要时间完工和运作,故将持续时间延长至30年。应该至少提供25-30年的还款期。只有这样,他们才能够开展工作,”Pul说道。

根据联邦电力部的资料,阿鲁纳恰尔邦政府迄今获分配了大约140个水电项目,将在七大江河流域内的多条河流、溪流开发,总装机容量为41500兆瓦。大部分项目的试运行因森林或河流委员会审批延迟而滞后,如果按时完工,则可以为印度的大片地区提供电力,而热电或太阳能等其它发电源至今尚未能够做到这一点。

Pul表示,在阿鲁纳恰尔邦开展大型水电项目之前,需要先执行1000-2000兆瓦容量的小型项目,这有助于人们了解电力项目如何改变他们的生活,从而为更大型的项目开路。现正在雅鲁藏布江支流Siang河建设一个大型水坝,该大坝水库将容纳100亿立方米水。Siang河的水电项目标榜的发电量为10000到12000兆瓦之间,使其成为印度次大陆上规模最大的水电站坝。

Pul强调中国已经非常高效地利用其水电潜力,他表示需要去除妨碍项目审批的各种障碍。就发电量而言,中国的22000兆瓦250亿美元三峡大坝是世界上规模最大电力发电厂。Pul对印度在外国发电项目中确立的角色感到不满,他表示:“已经有很多例子表明印度政府在外国,而非印度各邦,建立电力项目。这就是为什么那些国家越来越富裕,而不是我们越来越富裕。这是我们的耻辱。”

'Arunachal can fulfill country's power requirement'

New Delhi, June 19: With over 140 hydro-power projects allotted to various PSUs and private power companies in Arunachal Pradesh, newly appointed Chief Minister Kalikho Pul says the dream of Prime Minister Narendra Modi of having an electrified India can be fulfilled if all the allocated power projects in the northeastern border state are completed on time.

Arunachal Pradesh had the potential to fulfil the entire country’s requirement for power, Pul told IANS in an interview. He blamed “differences” among various ministries over clearance to a power project as the reason behind either stalling or slowing its commissioning during the last couple of years. The 46-year old leader, who took over as chief of the small state with just 1.25 million population in February, said he feels the Central Government should set up a single window clearance system for companies participating in hydro power projects in Arunachal Pradesh.

“The upcoming hydro power projects in Arunachal Pradesh can fulfil Prime Minister Modi’s dream of having a electrified India. However, there is a difference in ideas between the various central ministries, which stall or slow the work on a project’s commissioning. There needs to be a single window clearance. There needs to be a push. There needs to be unanimity,” Pul told IANS. Besides, Pul said the Government should also increase the time period for loan pay back by private developers from 10 years to at least 25-30 years.

“Currently private developers have been given time of 10 years to repay the loan. But the duration has to be increased to 30 years, as a hydro project takes time for completion and functioning. At least 25-30 years should be given. Only then will they be able to carry out their work,” said Pul.

According to the union Power Ministry, the Government of Arunachal Pradesh has so far been allotted about 140 hydropower projects with total installed capacity (IC) of 41,500 MW that is to be developed on various rivers, rivulets and nalas in seven major river basins. Most of the projects, whose commissioning got delayed either due to delay in forest or river board clearance, if completed on time can provide power supply to a large chunk of India, which the other sources of power generation such as thermal and solar has not been able to do till now.

Pul said that before starting giant hydro power projects in Arunachal Pradesh, there was need to start minor projects of 1,000-2,000 MW capacity, which would help the people to appreciate how power projects can change their lives, thereby giving way for bigger projects. A mega dam is being constructed across the river Siang, a tributary of the river Brahmaputra, and upon completion, the dam reservoir will hold 10 billion cubic metres of water. The hydro power project at Siang is touted to generate between 10,000 and 12,000 MW, making it the largest hydroelectric dam in the Indian subcontinent.

Emphasising that China was using its hydropower potential very efficiently, Pul said the various hurdles for project clearance need to be done away with. China’s 22,000-megawatt, $25 billion Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest hydroelectric plant as far as generating capacity is concerned. Expressing unhappiness at India’s role in setting up power projects in foreign countries, Pul said: “There have been instances when the Indian Government has set up power projects in foreign countries but not in Indian states. This is why those countries are becoming rich, and not us. It’s a shame for us.”

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